Pick up any article on in vitro fertilization (IVF) and you are sure to find some advice regarding the importance of an appropriate diet & exercise for IVF patient. Many studies conducted have established that too much exercise or dieting, can affect IVF through influencing reproductive hormonal production. However, the biggest challenge for the patient is determining what is too little or too much of diet and exercise restrictions.
The most important aspects of diet & exercise for IVF patient before undergoing the procedures
The general rule when it comes to exercise is that the patient needs to avoid any high-impact exercise if they are to remain fertile for their IVF procedure. The following are the ways through which rigorous exercise negatively impact fertility:
- Ovarian Torsion
While ovarian torsion is extremely rare, it has been known to affect women that engage in intense exercise during IVF. Hormone Treatments associated with IVF therapies may cause ovaries to enlarge. Consequently, the vigorous activity may cause the ovaries to twist on themselves making IVF ineffective.
- Body Fat
A 1993 study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism established that women that exercised more had less body fat. Such women had significantly lower levels of estradiol (an important estrogen) a hormone correlated to total body fat. As such, intense exercise can reduce overall body fat, reducing estradiol and potentially reducing fertility.
- Hormonal Disruption
High-intensity exercise lowers thyroid hormones and increases cortisol levels. Since cortisol levels may remain elevated for up to 24 hours after intense exercise, it may negatively impact fertility and hormonal balance. Moreover, lower levels of thyroid hormone may slow down metabolism, making it harder for the embryo to implant by causing hormonal imbalances.
It is critical that the patient avoids any major diet changes once they start the IVF procedure. Diet is a particularly important component of enhancing the effectiveness of IVF since it is important in the regulation and maintenance of hormonal balance. The following are some diet recommendations for IVF:
- Healthy Food
It is critical to eat healthy food for better hormonal balance. Changing diet to include a lot of low-fat foods, milk, vegetables, and fresh fruit is recommended. It is also critical to eat a healthy diet that ensures the patient is within their optimum BMI ranges. The research shows that obesity or being underweight interferes with hormones potentially making IVF procedures ineffective.
During the IVF cycle, the patient needs to increase their water intake preferably several months before the procedure. The extra water is not only good for hormone production and regulation but for general well-being and health.
- Prenatal Supplements
Supplements such as Folic Acid, iron, fish oil and turmeric are natural blood thinners and will help enhance blood flow and reduce any inflammation. However, it is important for the patient to consult a physician if they are taking a prenatal formula as they may have non-pregnancy recommended supplements such as Vitamin A.
- Alcohol, Dairy, and Sugar
The patient needs to avoid alcohol approximately a month before the In Vitro Fertilization cycle. It dehydrates the body making it spend a lot of energy in cleansing itself of the toxins. The patient also needs to avoid excessively refined carbohydrates and dairy that may cause phlegm and inflammation that are not conducive uterine environments.
Diet & exercises for IVF patients are vital. Since they have a critical influence on hormonal and physiological components of the reproductive system. The patient needs to ensure that their diet and exercise are aimed at safeguarding conducive physiological and hormonal health. Overall exercise needs to be undertaken in moderation, and in combination with a healthy diet, will ensure the effectiveness of the In Vitro Fertilization procedure.
If you enjoy reading our articles, DO Subscribe the newsletter for regular updates or follow us on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Google+ & Pinterest to join our community of 40k Followers. Happy Reading!