TIRANGA (तिरंगा) – the Indian National Flag is one of the most important national symbols of India. It symbolizes the culture, heritage and history of our great nation India. It is also represents aspiration, pride and hope of People of India.
While we know what it looks like and some general information but many of us are not aware of Interesting facts about National Flag of India.
There is so much history behind it. We aspire to give you all the information and facts about National flag of India and celebrate it’s great meaning.
Design of the Indian Flag
The National Flag of India has three colors, Orange, White & Green. It has Ashok Chakra in the middle. Each of these colors and symbols has great significance representing various aspects of our history, culture & heritage.
The Flag has three horizontal color strips running across its length. The Color bands are equally proportioned.
It is the color of courage & strength. Our country has a glorifying history of courage & conviction.
The color of peace & harmony, White adores the middle part of the flag with Ashok Chakra in the middle.
The color stands for prosperity, growth & fertility.
Ashok Chakra (अशोक चक्र)
It is in the middle of the Indian flag that symbolizes the religious aspect of human life. It has 24 spokes in navy blue color, each denoting an important duty we must fulfill in our lives.
- 1st Spoke: Chastity– Inspire to live a simple & meaning life.
- 2nd Spoke: Health– Signifies the importance of a healthy body, mind & soul.
- 3rd Spoke: Peace– Peace & Harmony should prevail at all times.
- 4th Spoke: Sacrifice– Live & make sacrifices for the country & society.
- 5th Spoke: Morality– Maintain morality in personal, social & professional life.
- 6th Spoke: Service– We must be ready to serve our nation & society
- 7th Spoke: Forgiveness– One must forgive & seek forgiveness towards self, other humans & all living creatures.
- 8th Spoke: Love– love & compassion towards all living creatures
- 9th Spoke: Friendship– Be friendly with everyone around
- 10th Spoke: Fraternity– Have a sense of belonging & brotherhood towards the nation.
- 11th Spoke: Organization– Strengthen the unity of the nation
- 12th Spoke: Welfare– Indulge in the welfare activities for society & nation
- 13th Spoke: Industry– Contribute to the industrial development of the nation.
- 14th Spoke: Safety– Ensure the safety of the citizens & country
- 15th Spoke: Prosperity– contribute to the growth & prosperity of the country.
- 16th Spoke: Awareness– Always be aware of the true facts & information
- 17th Spoke: Equality– practice & develop a society based on equality.
- 18th Spoke: Artha– Strength the monetary position of the country
- 19th Spoke: Policy– Have faith in the principles & policies of the country.
- 20th Spoke: Justice– Justice for every citizen of the country.
- 21th Spoke: Co-operation– Work together for the progress of the nation.
- 22th Spoke: Duty– Fulfill your duties
- 23th Spoke: Rights– Equal rights for everyone
- 24th Spoke: Wisdom– Be knowledgeable & seek wisdom
Facts About National Flag of India
It is an interesting fact about national flag of India that it was what it looks like today. There has been several versions of Indian national Flag before the current version.From the days of freedom struggle to independence of India (1907 to 1947), the Indian National Flag has undergone various transformation.
Our national flag has always been a symbol of integrity, harmony & Justice. Time and again symbols were added and redesigned to reflect the ideology of this great nation.
We are including all information and facts about national flag of India to help you to know it better.
Here are top 10 Interesting and amazing Facts about National Flag of India.
1. The first Indian flag was hoisted on 7th Aug 1906 at Parsi Bagan Square in Calcutta ( now Kolkata). The design of the flag had religious symbols and Eight Roses with ‘Vande Matram’ written on it.
2. The second Indian flag was partial modified was hoisted in 1907 by Madam Bhikaji Cama and her revolutionaries during second Socialist International summit in Stuttgart, Germany. The design is very similar to the first flag of India except for the first stripe only had one lotus and seven stars which denoted the Saptarishi.
3. The third Indian flag was hoisted in 1917 by Annie Besant & Bal Gangadhar Tilak. This flag had red and green strips with an union jack on top left and crescent on top right corner. It retained seven stars denoting the Saptarishi from the second flag design.
4. Since its conception in 1921, the tricolor flag had been changed a few times.The first flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya for the Indian National Congress on the suggestion of Mahatma Gandhi.
5. In 1931, a historic resolution was passed adopting the tricolor as our National Flag. The color stripes were the same but it had a spinning wheel at the center.
6. Finally, on July 22, 1947, The constitutional Assembly finally adopted it as the National flag of India, the symbol of a free country. The spinning wheel was replaced by Ashok Chakra representing the ‘Wheel Of Law’.
7. Supreme Court declared the right to hoist Flag as the fundamental right under Article 19 (i) (a) of the constitution in 2002
8. The Flag of Indian can be manufactured only with Khadi cloth. Any changes in the design or material of the Indian national flag is a serious offense and could lead to up to 3 years of imprisonment.
9. The flag of India has gone many transformation before being adopted in its present form. It is not just a symbolic representation of a country but holds a very special place in the hearts of every Indian.
10. Tenzing Norgay proudly hoisted the Indian national flag on Mount Everest for the first time on 29 May 1953. He was a Nepalese-Indian Sherpa who reached the summit of Mount Everest with Edmund Hillary.
Flag Code of India
- It can only be hoisted in day light (between sunrise and sunset).
- It has to be hoisted in horizontal direction with the saffron color on the top.
- No other flag or any symbolic representation should be above it any time.
- There is no restriction on display of Indian national flag by general public, eductaional institutions or private organizations except to the extend provided by the Emblems and Names (Prevention of improper use Act 1950).
- The National Flag or its look alike in any form must not be used for trade, cloth wear, cover etc.
According to the Flag code of India, the national flag of India has a width:height aspect ratio of 3:2 which means all the three horizontal bands of the flag, saffron, white and green, are equally sized.
The Ashoka Chakra has twenty-four evenly-spaced spokes. Although there is specification about the size of Ashok Chakra in Flag code of India but there is a description of the specific sizes ratio of flag and ashok chakra.
- According to the Flag Code of Conduct, as a mark of respect to the flag, it should never be dipped to a person or thing, contrary to regimental colours, organisational or institutional flags, which may be dipped as a mark of honour.
FAQ’s about the Indian National Flag
1. What does the national flag of India represents?
The Indian Flag is a representative of our great history, culture and heritage. The three colors represents different aspects of human life.
Saffron color at the top indicates courage and strength, white is a symbol of peace and truth and Green denotes growth, fertility and prosperity.
Ashok Chakra is represents the 24 Dharmas or qualities of a person taught by Budha.
2. Who designed the Indian National Flag?
The present form of Indian National Flag with three color stripes and a chakra in the center was designed by Pingali Venkayya. The two colors associated with the two main religions followed. It was adopted in 22nd July 1947.
3. Where was Indian National Flag first hoisted?
The first Indian flag was hoisted on 7th Aug 1906 at Parsi Bagan Square in Calcutta ( now Kolkata).
After Independence, the first Prime Minister of India, Jawahar Lal Nehru, hoisted it the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi in honor of the celebrations on 15th August 1947.
4. Why Indian national flag is called Tricolor or Tiranga?
The Tricolor or Tiranga means three colors named after the three color stripes on our national flag.
5. Why Indian National flag has 24 spokes?
The 24 spokes of Ashok Chakra is a representation of 24 Dharma or qualities of a person taught by Buddha. It is believed that by following this path of dharma will lead to progress and enlightenment.
Each spoke signifies a distinct dharma or quality. You can read about them in the section ‘ Design of Indian Flag’ above.
6. Can the national flag of India be flown in night?
Yes, the Indian Flag can be flown in night but proper arrangements should be made to keep it illuminated during the hours of darkness. The National Flag of India should NEVER be flown in darkness according to flag code.
7. Where is the national flag of India manufactured?
The national flag of India is manufactured by Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangh of Hubli (KKGSS). It is a manufacturing federation in Garag village near Dharwad City in Dharwad district, Karnataka State.
It is authorized and reserves the sole manufacturing and supply rights of Indian Flag throughout the country. No any other institution or manufacturing unit can manufacture, copy or supply the Indian Flag. The guidelines about design and specifications are prescribed by Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS).
According to BIS, the national flag of India ‘should be made of hand-spun and handwoven cotton khadi bunting‘.
8. Who can use the Indian National Flag?
Before year 2002, the members of the general public could not hoist the Indian Flag except on Republic day and Independence day. However, in the year 2002 the Supreme Court of India amended the Flag code of conduct and allowed the citizens of India to hoist the flag any time as per Flag Code of conduct.
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Know more about Incredible India
The Indian National Flag popularly known as Tiranga is part of our National symbols and identity. I am sure you would have been surprised to know to deep and powerful meaning behind its design and components.
I have tried to bring all interesting and amazing facts about national flag of India in this article because I think it is very important to understand our symbols and its significance. It will be a helpful resource for younger kids and adults alike.
Let us know your thoughts, opinion or any suggestions you might have in the comment section below. We are always open to suggestions and make changes in the information provided here.