National Symbols of a country is important information that represents its culture, history, heritage & Values. The Demography is diverse & culture so vibrant that people from all over the world flock to famous places to see in India. The National Symbols of India is a true representation of our rich culture.
Each of these symbols denotes a certain aspect of our country & its perspective towards mutual co-existence, prosperity & courage. As we all know, India is a beautiful country with a history dating back to thousands of years. We are a perfect amalgam of diverse religions, languages & lifestyles.
National Symbols of India with Images
National symbols of a country represent the culture, values & philosophy. These symbols create a sense of nationalism & pride and are widely used in Official documents & events.
National symbols of India cover a variety of things from our national flag to the national song pledge & anthem, animals, birds, fruits, microorganisms, rivers, reptiles, heritage animals & flowers.
These symbols are carefully selected after weighing their importance in the history, culture & social fabric of the country. Symbols like animals, rivers, birds,s, etc were included in the list to raise awareness about the ecosystem & conservation of these species.
Here is a list of 17 Important National Symbols of India with images.
1. National Flag Of India-Tiranga
Tiranga is the prominent representation of the Independent and most important of the National Symbols of India. The National Flag of India has three colors Saffron, White in the middle with Ashok Chakra & Green. Ashok Chakra in the middle is in blue color.
Each of these colors and symbols has great significance representing various aspects of our history, culture & heritage.
You can read about the history of the Indian flag, the design of the Indian flag, the Indian National Flag code of conduct, and many more details and facts about the national flag here.
2. National Emblem of India- Ashok Chakra with the Lion Capitol Atop
History: Ashok Chakra with the Lion Capitol Atop the Ashoka Pillar in Sarnath was adopted as the National Emblem of India. It was adopted on January 26, 1950, by Madhav Sawhney, as one of the national symbols of India. It is preserved in Sarnath Museum, Varanasi.
Significance: The National Emblem of India signifies that the law is above all & may the truth prevail ( Satya Mev Jayate). It is present on all Indian Currency & as well as the official letterhead of the Government of India.
Design of National Emblem of India: The emblem shows three lions while the fourth one is hidden from view. There appears a wheel in the center with a bull on the right and a galloping horse on the left. You can see outlines of Dharma Chakras on either side of the statue.
While the horse represents loyalty, speed, and energy, the bull represents hard work and steadfastness. There was a lotus beneath the abacus which has been omitted.
3. National Anthem of India- Jana Gana Mana
Jana Gana Mana is the third national symbol of India. Nobel Laureate Rabindra Nath Tagor composed the poem in Bengla in 1911. The song was selected by Subhash Chandra Bose as the National Anthem of India when he was in Germany.
On 11 September 1942, Jana Gana Mana was played for the first time by the Hamburg Radio Symphony Orchestra as the national anthem of an independent India in the founding meeting of the German-Indian Society in the Hotel Atlantic in Hamburg
Before Jana Gana Mana become the Indian National Anthem, it was heard in the movie ‘Hamrahi’ in 1945 and was adopted by The Doon School as their ‘School Song’. Years later, it was adopted as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950.
4. National Song of India- Vande Matram
Vande Matram means ‘Respectfully saluting Mother‘. Here the word mother is referred to our motherland, India. We bow to show respect to our motherland. The song sings the praise of our great country, its history, culture & great heritage.
Vande Matram became the patriotic slogan during the Indian Independence movement.
History: The original song was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay which has 6 stanzas. Out of the 6, 2 stanzas were adopted as the National Song Of Indi. In other stanzas, there were references to Indian Goddess Durga which didn’t go down well with some members of the National Congress.
On 24 January 1950, Dr. Rajendra Prasad who was presiding the Constitutional assemble, finalized the song.
5. National Pledge of India
The National Pledge of India was introduced in many schools & educational institutes in 1963, a year after it was composed. The pledge was composed by a noted Telugu Poet Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao in 1962.
It is an oath of allegiance to the Republic of India and is usually recited during morning assemblies & national festivals like Independence Day & Republic Day. It can be found on the pages of school textbooks, calendars, and stationery items.
It is recited immediately after the National Anthem during the assemblies. It is an integral part of the morning routine of most of the schools in India. It reminds us that it is one of the important national symbols of India.
English Translation of National Pledge of India:
India is my country and all Indians are my Brothers and Sisters.
I love my country and I am proud of its rich and varied heritage.
I shall always strive to be worthy of it.
I shall give respect to my parents, teachers and all the elders and treat everyone with courtesy.
To my country and my people, I pledge my devotion. In their well being and prosperity alone, lies my happiness
6. National Animal Of India- Royal Bengal Tiger
The Royal Bengal Tiger is the National Animal of India. The mighty-looking animal is the biggest among the wild cats. The average size of an adult male Bengal Tiger is 270-310 cms & it can weigh up to 300 kg.
Bengal Tigers are mostly found in tropical forests. Many Tiger Reserves in India in different states are working towards conserving & breeding it.
You can read more about Top 10 Tiger reserves in India best for Tiger Spotting
7. National River of India- River Ganga
River Ganga, the holy & Mighty river, is the National River of India. It is the longest river in India covering 2,510 km in distance. It originates from Himalayas & merges with the Indian Ocean.
History: According to Indian Mythology, River Ganga was residing in the hair of Lord Shiva. It was only when Bhagirathi requested Lord Shiva to allow the river Ganga to descend on earth to fertilize the plains of India.
The holy river erupted from the mountains, traveled through valleys & plains to finally drop in the Indian Ocean. Powerful empires were established on its banks. It has witnessed the rise & fall of many empires.
Significance: Ganga was declared the National River of India on Nov 4, 2008, in order to restore & conserve this holy river. There are more than 140 fish & 90 amphibian species are in danger due to excessive pollution.
River Ganga has cultural, geographical & historical significance. It has seen the growth of civilization on its banks. Even today the economy of cities like Varanasi & Kashi is mainly dependent on the river.
8. National Aquatic Animal of India- Gangetic Dolphin
Gangetic Dolphin is one of the National Symbols of India. It is a special species of dolphins found in the rivers. It was notified National Aquatic Animal of India in 2009 in order to draw attention to its conservation.
Gangetic Dolphins symbolize a healthy & vibrant ecosystem. Measures are taken to conserve & increase the population of river dolphins.
9. National Flower of India- Lotus
Lotus or Nelumbo Nucifera Gaertn is a beautiful flower that retains its purity despite being in murky waters. It is symbolic of spirituality, mindedness & purity that’s why it is the sacred symbol of Hinduism.
History: Lotus has a significant place in Indian Mythology. According to the Hindu scriptures, Lord Brahma emerged from the Navel of Lord Vishu sitting on a lotus. He also carries a Padma or Lotus in one of his four arms.
Goddess Laxmi, the goddess of prosperity & wealth, sits on a lotus. It is a deep symbol of purity of mind & soul, to rise above worldly sins & retains one’s uniqueness.
Buddism also considers Lotus as one of the sacred symbols.
Significance: Lotus holds a very special place in Indian mythology. There are several instances in the ancient Hindu scripture where the Lotus was mentioned as a symbol of the origin of life. No doubt it found a place in & as one of the National Symbols of India.
10. National Currency of India- Indian Rupee
Indian Rupee is the National Currency of India. It has our National Emblem & a picture of Mahatma Gandhi among other symbols & prints. The rupee is a Sanskrit word that means stamped, shaped & impressed coin.
The lowest denomination is 1 Rupee which is subdivided into Paisa ( 1 Rupee = 100 paise)
Earlier many small denominations were prevalent like 5p, 10p,25p & 50P. But with the increase in the overall prices, the smaller denominations are out of circulation. The design, shape & color of the currency has changed many times.
It was only in October 1987, the currency with the picture of Mahatma Gandhi & water mark of Ashok Sthambh was introduced.
11. National Reptile of India- King Cobra
Cobra grows up to 5.5 m in length & is highly poisonous. A single snake bite contains around 6ml of poison which is enough to kill 20 humans & even large animals like an elephant.
King Cobra is mostly found in the rain forest in India & other parts of Southeast Asia & China.
King Cobra is the only snake in the world that builds a nest before hatching eggs.
12. National Microbe of India- Lactobacillus delbrueckii
History: On October 18, 2012, The Minister of State of Environment & Forest, Jayanthi Natarajan announced Lactobacillus Delbrueckii as the National Microbe Of India. It is an important bacteria used in the production of Yogurt & is also considered a probiotic.
The announcement was made during the International Conference on ‘Bio-Diversity Conservation in a rapidly changing world’ held in Hyderabad, India.
Interestingly, It was selected by the children who visited a special train, the Science Express Biodiversity Special, running between several stations across the country. There were several microbes in the run & people could vote online for the selection process.
Significance: The main reason to adopt a National microbe of India was to create awareness about the biodiversity & importance of Microorganisms for human life. Therefore this microorganism found a place in the list of National Symbols of India.
13. National Bird Of India- Peacock
The colorful bird, Peacock or Pavo cristatus, with the stunning feather is the National Bird of India. The male is more vibrant & colorful than the female of this species. The stunning colors on the peacock feather make it a sight to behold.
Due to its unmatched beauty, historical & cultural significance, the peacock was designated as one of the National Symbols of India in 1963.
History: Peacock has a significant representation in Indian Mythology. According to the Hindu Legend, Kartikeya, the God of War, rides a peacock. He was the son of Lord Shiva & Goddess Parvati. Lord Shiva gave him a peacock as a vehicle.
Lord Krishna adorned peacock feathers. He used to decorate his crown with Morpankh or peacock feathers.
Significance: The beautiful bird is significant in many cultures. Wind from its feather said to have a good effect on health. Many people like to place peacock feathers in their praying areas.
14. National Fruit Of India- Mango
Mango, the king of fruits, is designated as the National Fruit of India. This pulpy & juicy fruit is a favorite among Indians.
It is used in Indian cuisine extensively, from dessert to pickles to main dishes. You can find hundreds of preparations using Mango in raw or ripe forms.
There are many varieties of mango famous in India. Alphanso (Hafus), Kesar, Langda, Deshari, Chausa & Neelam are particularly famous.
15. National Heritage Animal of India- Elephant
You might wonder what’s the point of having a National Heritage Animal of India if we already have a National animal? The Ministry of Environment & Forests declared Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) the National Heritage Animal of India On Oct 22, 2010
History: Elephant has been a part of heritage since forever. In the past, It was used as a mode of transportation, war & religious purposes. Lord Ganesh, or the elephant god, is the most popular of Hindi deities & worshipped before starting any new task.
The elephant has been a part of many cultures within India. They have always been a part of celebrations & festivals. Even today large religious processions always have a well-decorated elephant leading the procession.
Significance: The Forests of India have been a natural habitat for elephants. You will see large herds of elephants living in the forests of West Bengal, Kerala & Assam. In fact, India has 60% of the total population of elephants in the world.
Due to its importance in cultural & religious aspects of society, Elephants or Gaj has been given the status of the National heritage animal of India.
16. National Vegetable of India- Pumpkin
Pumpkin is the national vegetable of India and one of the National Symbols of India. It is known to be originated in North America.
Pumpkin is widely used in India for savory dishes as well as sweet dishes. One of the most popular sweet dishes made of Pumpkin is Agra ka Petha.
17. National Tree Of India- The Banyan Tree
The Banyan Tree, also popular as the Indian Fig tree, is the national tree of India. the Scientific Name of the tree is Ficus benghalensis. It is one of the most venerated trees in India.
History: The banyan tree has a historical significance in Hindu and Buddhist Mythology. According to Hindu mythology, the leaf of the banyan tree is mentioned as the resting place of God Krishna. The tree also has been mentioned in the Bhagavat Gita.
It is a symbol of longevity and the divine creator of the universe. The tree is believed to provide material wealth and grand wishes. It is often described as the place of Shiva, Durga, and also spirits.
Significance: Due to its longevity and peculiar characteristic of roots above the ground, the banyan tree has found mention in various mythological texts.
These are NOT the National Symbols of India
1. Hindi is NOT the National Language of India
Hindi is one of the most widely spoken languages in the country. But India has no official national language. It is often confused as one of the national symbols of India.
Hindi is not the National language of India, as Gujrat HC held in 2010.
2. Hockey is NOT the National Game of India
Cricket & hockey are among the popular sports in India. But none of them are declared national sports by any government body.
3. The lion is NOT the national animal of India
it’s Bengal Tiger. Many people get confused between Lion & tiger.
4. We do NOT have the following National Symbols of India
If you come across any such information, it is not authorized by any government body.
- National Fish of India
- National Color of India
- National insect of India
- National Drink of India
- National Food of India
- National Dress of India
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These National Symbols of India are a true representation of our plural religion, glorious heritage & culture. The information provided above is factual & checked to the best of our abilities. If you find any discrepancies, feel free to contact us!
We have a peaceful & adaptive country that has stood the test of time following numerous invasions & wars. We are proud of our heritage & our Nation. Jai Hind!